30/07/12

BOCAGE E OS MÉDICOS

Em período de férias, partilho alguns epigramas do poeta português Bocage (1765-1805) que, tal como Voltaire, tinha pouco apreço pelos médicos da sua época.

Certo enfermo, homem sisudo,
Deixou por condescendência
Chamar um doutor, que tinha
Entre os mais a preferência.

Manda-lhe o fofo Esculápio
Que bote a língua de fora,
E envia dez garatujas
À botica sem demora.

"Com isto (diz ao doente)
A sepultura lhe tapo."
Replica o pobre a tremer:
"Aposto que não escapo."

O pai enfermo e o doutor

Um velho caiu na cama;
Tinha um filho esculapino,
Que para adivinhações
Campava de ter bom tino.

O pulso paterno apalpa,
E receitar depois vai;
Diz-lhe o velho, suspirando:
"Repara que sou teu pai."

A moléstia e a receita

Para curar febres podres
Um doutor se foi chamar,
Que feitas as cerimónias,
Começou a receitar.

A cada penada sua
O enfermo arrancava um ai!
– "Não se assuste (diz Galeno),
Que inda desta se não vai."

– Ah! senhor! (torna o coitado,
Como quem seu fado espreita)
Da moléstia não me assusto,
"Assusto-me da receita."

Conselho a um impaciente

Homem de génio impaciente,
Tendo uma dor infernal,
Pedia, para matar-se,
Um veneno, ou um punhal.

– "Não há (lhe disse um vizinho
Velho que pensava bem),
Não há punhal, nem veneno;
Mas o médico aí vem."


A parca e o médico

– "Morte! (Clamava o doente)
Este mísero socorre."
Surge a Parca de repente,
E diz de longe: – "Recorre
Ao teu médico assistente."

A cura

Lavrou chibante receita
Um doutor com todo o esmero;
Era para certa moça,
Que ficou sã como um pero.

"Tão cedo! É milagre!"
A mãe (que de gosto chora)
"Minha mãe, não é milagre,
Deitei o remédio fora!"


O adeus do doutor

Um médico receitou:
Súbito o récipe veio.
Do qual no bucho do enfermo
Logo embutiu copo e meio,

– "Adeus até à manhã"
(Diz o fofo professor).
Responde o doente: – "Adeus
Para sempre meu doutor".

26/07/12

SOBRE A FELICIDADE

A maior felicidade na vida é a certeza de sermos amados, apesar de sermos como somos.

Victor Hugo (1802-1885)

Life's greatest happiness is to be convinced we are loved – loved for ourselves, or rather, loved in spite of ourselves.

21/07/12

QUE MÉDICOS QUEREMOS?



“Este livro de Jorge Cruz aborda um tema da maior atualidade, como é o da formação do médico para a modernidade, e o seu conteúdo não interessa apenas aos profissionais de saúde mas a quantos, e somos todos, os que virão um dia a recorrer aos médicos como cuidadores da doença e promotores da saúde.”

Prof. Daniel Serrão, in «Prefácio»


 Sessão de lançamento do livro. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa, 18.07.2012.
 (Prof. Daniel Serrão e o autor).

Pode encomendar online aqui.

16/07/12

FIDELIDADE NA RELAÇÃO MÉDICO-PACIENTE

O texto seguinte foi escrito pelo Dr. David Chaput de Saintonge, Diretor de Educação da PRIME – Partnerships in International Medical Education, sobre o papel central da fidelidade e confiança na relação médico-paciente.

Faithfulness
I first met June about 30 years ago. She was a smart, well-dressed woman with immaculate blonde hair. She was suffering from an undiagnosed thrombotic disorder and was on long-term anticoagulants. Since I worked in a hospital, I did not usually see my patients for more than one or two occasions, they were then returned to the care of their family practitioner. However June’s condition was rather unstable and, amongst her many problems, it was clear she was suffering from endogenous depression. At the time this was treated with tricyclic antidepressants and her condition rapidly improved. June was an intensely private person and had difficulty admitting to any symptoms even though she was beginning to know me quite well. I remember one occasion, several years after I first met her, she came into the consulting room with her usual confident manner, but with her hair looking like a bird’s nest. It was clear to me that her depression had returned, something she eventually admitted after a little gentle probing. I’m sure that if I had been seeing her for the first time she would have resisted the suggestion. It was only because I had developed a long-term relationship with her that I was able to notice the changes in her appearance and she was able to open up about her feelings.
  
It is widely accepted that long-term relationships between doctor and patient are vital for good health care in family practice. There is evidence that ‘faithful’ relationships are more satisfying for doctors as well as for patients; patients need fewer laboratory tests and, as in the case of June, patients are more likely to disclose personal problems which helps the doctor or nurse to heal their illnesses. However, most of the published studies have, with a few exceptions, been of relatively short duration. Research published on American patients over the age of 65 examined the impact of the duration of physician-patient relationships on the processes and costs of medical care. The authors found that the longer the relationship between doctor and patient the less the likelihood that the patient would require hospital admission. Furthermore the overall health costs decreased as the length of the relationship increased [1]. The control of diabetes and the likelihood of diabetic complications are significantly increased where there is no continuity of care [2]. Continuity is associated with better diagnosis, more effective preventive care, greater patient satisfaction, better adherence to medical advice, better quality of life shown on scores for mental health, improved perception of health and greater freedom from pain. According to patients, one of the main factors responsible for maintaining continuity in the relationship was “friendship with a physician’. Compassionate relationships seem to be particularly deepened by home visits [3]. Patients who value long-term relationships the most seem to be those with chronic illnesses, taking large numbers of medications, experiencing  significant amounts of pain and who have difficulty doing their everyday work [4].
  
Increasingly, continuity of physician care, where it ever existed, is under threat. Health care managers believe the continuity of care with a team, a group of doctors or a health care unit is equally good. The evidence suggests they are likely to be quite wrong. A study of over 13,000 patients compared the likelihood of hospitalisation in patients who had continuity of care with a specified individual physician with those who only had continuity with a particular group of physicians. Continuing care by an individual physician was associated with significantly less hospitalisation with its associated inconvenience, cost and morbidity [5].
  
When I retired from hospital practice June and I said goodbye. We had been faithful to each other and enjoyed a continuing therapeutic relationship lasting many decades. The personal and professional satisfaction it brought me made me envy my colleagues in family practice. For them it is, or should be, an everyday experience.

Referências
[1] Weiss, LJ, Blustein MD. Faithful patients: effect of long-term physician-patient relationships on the cost and use of health care by older Americans.  Amer J Pub Health 1996;86:1742-7.
[2] Hanninen J, Takala J, Keinannen-Kiukaanniemi S. Good continuity may improve quality of life in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2001;51:21-7.
[3] Gray DP,  Evans P, Sweeney K, Lings P, Dixon M, Bradley N. Towards a theory of continuity of care. J  Roy Soc Med 2003; 96:160-166.
[4] Nutting P, Goodwin MA, Flocke SAS, Zyzanski SJ, Stange KC. Continuity of primary care: to whom does it matter and when? Ann fam Med 2003; 1:149-155.
[5] Mainous AG, Gill M. The importance of continuity of care in the likelihood of future hospitalisation: is site of care equivalent to a primary clinician? Am J Public health 1998; 88: 1539-41.

12/07/12

SOBRE A BÍBLIA

Acredito que um só dos eloquentes capítulos de Isaías ou dos inspirados salmos de David contêm mais ajuda real para o ser humano do que toda a produção das mais extraordinárias mentes da Grécia durante os séculos da sua glória.

 A. W. Tozer (1897-1963)

It is my belief that but one of Isaiah’s eloquent chapters or David’s inspired psalms contains more real help for mankind than all the output of the finest minds of Greece during the centuries of her glory.

09/07/12

BÍBLIA PARA MIM

Foi editado recentemente pela Medicine One e pela Sociedade Bíblica de Portugal o livro "Bíblia para Mim", que tem sido distribuído gratuitamente em diversas unidades hospitalares do país.
Trata-se de uma edição inovadora, num formato único em língua portuguesa e com uma linguagem acessível, dirigida em especial para quem nunca leu a Bíblia ou para quem gostaria de a voltar a ler. Sendo a Bíblia património cultural da humanidade e tratando-se de uma edição dirigida a todas as pessoas, independentemente de professarem ou não a fé cristã, recomendo vivamente a sua leitura. Existe agora uma aplicação gratuita para iPAD da “Bíblia para Mim”. Mais informações aqui.

02/07/12

RELAÇÃO MÉDICO-PACIENTE NA LITERATURA

Escrevi o artigo “A relação médico-paciente em algumas obras literárias”, publicado na edição atual da Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira. Poderá ser lido aqui.

I’ve written the paper “The doctor-patient relationship in selected literary works”. It was published on the current edition of Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira. Click here to read the paper.